Peptic ulcer, commonly known as stomach ulcer refers to a hole or sore stomach lining or lining of the duodenum. Peptic ulcer one of the main reasons why people suffer from chronic stomach pains and may even lead to loss of appetite. Ulcers can also cause vomiting, nausea, and digestive tract bleeding.
Common causes that lead to peptic ulcers
High intake of caffeine
Caffeine if taken in excess can be another potential cause of the ulcer. This is because caffeine will increase the production of acid in the stomach making susceptible to ulcers. Caffeine also speeds up the emptying of gastric which results in an increase in the stomach’s acid level. Besides being a risk factor of ulcers, it will worsen the existing ulcer.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
These are drugs that are often taken for weeks or even months. They tend to cause damages to the digestive tract lining. Drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen are harmful to your digestive system and usually, come with a warning written on them regarding this.
Heavy drinking is among the risk factors for peptic ulcer since it irritates the stomach lining hence causing inflammation which eventually leads to an ulcer. For ulcer patients, heavy drinking prevents the existing ulcers from healing. Besides this, it increases your stomach acidity thus making you vulnerable to inflammation that leads to ulcers.
This refers to a rare condition whereby tumors form in the duodenum or pancreas. The tumors will secrete gastrin hormone in excess increasing the acidity of your stomach thus damaging the lining which causes peptic ulcer. People with this syndrome develop recurring peptic ulcers.
This is the overproduction of calcium and can cause ulcers. When suffering from hypercalcemia, your blood level contains a higher calcium level. If this prolongs, it raises the level of gastrin hence contributing to peptic ulcers.
Low melatonin levels
Low lighting triggers melatonin production in your pineal gland. Lifestyle changes like artificial light and working late night make your body produce less than then required melatonin. This will lead to peptic ulcers.
Too much salt
This is one of the leading causes of peptic ulcer. Diets with high salt can induce the activity of H pylori bacteria. This bacteria is a primary reason behind ulcers. High salt intake also aggravates the symptoms of ulcers in those already have ulcers.
These are among the common causes of peptic ulcers that should be avoided at all costs. Today’s lifestyle can push you to the edge but try as much as possible to keep off these risk factors.